3.3 Access to Communication Infrastructures Before, During and After an Emergency

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3.3 Access to Communication Infrastructures Before, During and After an Emergency 

In the event of a health crisis, the efficacy of risk communication, and the efficiency of emergency response operation will rely greatly on the reliability and accessibility of communication infrastructures, such as mobile-cellular telephone and internet infrastructure. For example, in order for emergency response operation centre (EOC) to coordinate effectively with personnel on the ground, and communicate risks and hazards effectively to local community, a clear and preferably dedicated line of communications should be constructed. This can be in the form of dedicated telephone lines, to a smartphone app that integrates other aspects of emergency response. 

As of 2018, approximately only 57% of Cambodians has access to 4G technology1, and as of 2016, 48% Cambodians reported that they have at least one smartphone2. However, keep in mind that during a disaster, such infrastructures maybe overwhelmed or be severely affected. 

Your task is to come up with an innovative design that will help with access to communication and ensure the integrity of such infrastructure during an emergency 

Example: During a flood, access to electricity and internet become scarce, hence smartphone utility will decrease significantly. How can we relay information, or create temporary internet infrastructures during such emergencies that can guarantee access to information to medical personnel and local communities? 

Source: ITU launched a global platform to help protect telecommunication networks during the COVID-19 crisis3

Related Ideas: Risk communication 

Further Readings:

[1] Number of internet users up in Cambodia, https://www.bangkokpost.com/business/1589690/number-of-internet-users-up-in-cambodia#:~:text=%E2%80%9CThis%20year%2C%2099%25%20of,country%2C%E2%80%9D%20Mr%20Vutha%20said.
[2] Mobile Phones and Internet Use in Cambodia 2016, https://asiafoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Mobile-Phones-and-Internet-Use-in-Cambodia-2016.pdf
[3] ITU launched a global platform to help protect telecommunication networks during the COVID-19 crisis https://www.developmentaid.org/#!/news-stream/post/61401/itu-launched-a-global-platform-to-help-protect-telecommunication-networks-during-the-covid-19-crisis