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4.2 Distribution of Vaccines
Immunisation is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine1. It is arguably one of the most cost-effective way of preventing many diseases2. Cambodian has enjoyed a relatively high rate of immunisation coverage, owing to the improvements made in the healthcare system since the 1980s. This has led to significantly reduced incidence and death from vaccine preventable diseases.
However, there are still room for improvements, especially during a global health pandemic such as today. Administrations of vaccines maybe delayed or postponed due to risks of contracting diseases for both the patient and the healthcare worker when going to health centres. Your task is to discuss a method to improve immunisation rate and coverage for new emerging diseases with available vaccines, while mitigating the impact of other health risks, such as the risk of contracting COVID-19.
Example: Discuss an innovative method to perform immunisation during a crisis, such as during the current global pandemic, while maintaining the safety of the patients and the healthcare personnel. Additionally, can we improve the distributions of such vaccines by improving the emergency preparedness and response operations?
Related Ideas: Prevention of diseases, healthcare access, Emergency Preparedness, Response Planning and Response Operation
 World Health Organisation (WHO) https://www.who.int/topics/immunization/en/
 J Mark Access Health Policy. 2015. The Economic Value of Vaccination: Why Prevention is Wealth https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4802700/
 Gavi Vaccine Alliance, https://www.gavi.org/programmes-impact/country-hub/western-pacific/cambodia
 Comparison of Subnational Availability of Women’s Family Planning Services and Women and Children’s Health in Cambodia (2013) and the Philippines (2014) using DHS Program Data
 WHO Immunisation data for Cambodia: https://apps.who.int/immunization_monitoring/globalsummary/countries?countrycriteria[country]=KHM&commit=OK
 Cambodia: WHO and UNICEF estimates of immunization coverage: 2019 revision: https://www.who.int/immunization/monitoring_surveillance/data/khm.pdf